Reaping Ramadhan through taqwa


+ Essence of fasting - Ramadhan is Madrasah to cultivate Taqwa

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

"O ye who believe! fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) Taqwa"
-[Al-Baqarah 2:182]

+ Taqwa is an obligation upon all believer
Fi'il amar(commanding verb) in the verses of Al-Quran is wajib(obligatory) upon those who were directed.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَلْتَنظُرْ نَفْسٌ مَّا قَدَّمَتْ لِغَدٍ ۖ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُون

"O ye who believe! Have taqwa of Allah and let every soul look to what provision he has sent forth for the morrow."
[Al-Hashar, 59:18]

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلَا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلَّا وَأَنتُم مُّسْلِمُونَ

O ye who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared, and die not except in a state of Islam
[Ali-Imran 3:102]

+Taqwa is to be in highly cautious state

Umar R.A and Ka'ab Ibn Malik

Umar ibn Khattab (R.A) once asked Ka’ab (R.A),"Ka'ab, whats the meaning of Taqwa" .

In reply Ka’ab asked, “Have you ever had to traverse a thorny path?” Umar replied in the affirmative and Ka’ab continued, “How do you do so?”

Umar said that he would carefully walk through after first having collected all loose and flowing clothing in his hands so nothing gets caught in the thorns hence injuring him. Ka’ab said,

“This is the definition of taqwa, to protect oneself from sin through life’s dangerous journey so that one can successfully complete the journey unscathed by sin.”

Syed Qutb sain in Tafseer Fi Zilail Quran,

"To be in great detail in every act, constant fear, always guarding ones self from path fill with lust and desires"

+ A better aim for Muttaqin

Fair in the eyes of men is the love of things they covet: Women and sons; Heaped-up hoards of gold and silver; horses branded (for blood and excellence); and (wealth of) cattle and well-tilled land. Such are the possessions of this world's life; but in nearness to Allah is the best of the goals (To return to).

Say: Shall I give you glad tidings of things Far better than those? For those who fear(Muttaqin), are Gardens in nearness to their Lord, with rivers flowing beneath; therein is their eternal home; with companions pure (and holy); and the good pleasure of Allah. For in Allah.s sight are (all) His servants,-

[HQ Ali-Imran 3:14-15]

+ Steps in achieving taqwa

1. Always in remembrance of our promises towards Allah SWT

وَإِذْ أَخَذَ رَبُّكَ مِن بَنِي آدَمَ مِن ظُهُورِهِمْ ذُرِّيَّتَهُمْ وَأَشْهَدَهُمْ عَلَىٰ أَنفُسِهِمْ أَلَسْتُ بِرَبِّكُمْ ۖ قَالُوا بَلَىٰ ۛ شَهِدْنَا ۛ أَن تَقُولُوا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ إِنَّا كُنَّا عَنْ هَـٰذَا غَافِلِينَ

And when your Lord brought forth from the children of Adam, from their backs, their descendants, and made them bear witness against their own souls: Am I not your Lord? They said: Yes! we bear witness. Lest you should say on the day of resurrection: Surely we were heedless of this.

[HQ Al-A'raf 7:172]

وَأَوْفُوا بِعَهْدِ اللَّهِ إِذَا عَاهَدتُّمْ وَلَا تَنقُضُوا الْأَيْمَانَ بَعْدَ تَوْكِيدِهَا وَقَدْ جَعَلْتُمُ اللَّهَ عَلَيْكُمْ كَفِيلًا ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَفْعَلُو

And fulfill the covenant of Allah when you have made a covenant, and do not break the oaths after making them fast, and you have indeed made Allah a surety for you; surely Allah I . knows what you do.

[HQ An-Nahl 16:91]

2. Muraqabah

Muraqabah is a state of feeling always being close and watched by Allah. Parable of a student in an exam always being watched by invigilator, out of the real fear of being caught, he avoid the act of disobedience in fear of punishment.

وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ وَنَعْلَمُ مَا تُوَسْوِسُ بِهِ نَفْسُهُ ۖ وَنَحْنُ أَقْرَبُ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ حَبْلِ الْوَرِيدِ

It was We Who created man, and We know what dark suggestions his soul makes to him: for We are nearer to him than (his) jugular vein.
[HQ Qaf 50:16]

وَإِذَا سَأَلَكَ عِبَادِي عَنِّي فَإِنِّي قَرِيبٌ ۖ أُجِيبُ دَعْوَةَ الدَّاعِ إِذَا دَعَانِ ۖ فَلْيَسْتَجِيبُوا لِي وَلْيُؤْمِنُوا بِي لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْشُدُونَ

When My servants ask thee concerning Me, I am indeed close (to them): I listen to the prayer of every suppliant when he calleth on Me: Let them also, with a will, Listen to My call, and believe in Me: That they may walk in the right way.
[HQ Al-Baqarah 2:186]

Muraqabah in harus(halal) act : By protecting the a'dab and to always be grateful[syukr]
Muraqabah in Musibah(Hardships): To always have patience and remembering Allah in hardships

3. Muhasabah - count and contemplate

Count yourself(deeds) before you are being accounted(in front of Allah)
[Umar Al-Khattab]

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَلْتَنظُرْ نَفْسٌ مَّا قَدَّمَتْ لِغَدٍ ۖ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ

O you who believe! be careful of (your duty to) Allah, and let every soul consider what it has sent on for the morrow, and be careful of (your duty to) Allah; surely Allah is Aware of what you do.
[HQ Al-Hasyr 59:18]

4. Mua'qabah - self punishment

Saidin Umar R.A mua'aqabah himself when he accidently missed Asr juma'ah(congregation) due to farming, he sold his whole lot of farm to teach himself and ensure himself not to miss congregation again.

Abu Talha R.A mua'qabah himself when he forgotten the number of rakaah in prayer when a bird flew and stood on his head, he also sold a lot of his farm.

وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا فَعَلُوا فَاحِشَةً أَوْ ظَلَمُوا أَنفُسَهُمْ ذَكَرُوا اللَّهَ فَاسْتَغْفَرُوا لِذُنُوبِهِمْ وَمَن يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَلَمْ يُصِرُّوا عَلَىٰ مَا فَعَلُوا وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ

And those who when they commit an indecency or do injustice to their souls remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their faults-- and who forgives the faults but Allah, and (who) do not knowingly persist in what they have done.
[HQ Ali-Imran 3:135]

5. Mujahadah - Struggle to the fullest

وَالَّذِينَ جَاهَدُوا فِينَا لَنَهْدِيَنَّهُمْ سُبُلَنَا ۚ وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَمَعَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

And (as for) those who strive hard for Us, We will most certainly guide them in Our ways; and Allah is most surely with the doers of good.
[HQ Al-Ankabut 29:69]

وَقُلِ اعْمَلُوا فَسَيَرَى اللَّهُ عَمَلَكُمْ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ ۖ وَسَتُرَدُّونَ إِلَىٰ عَالِمِ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ فَيُنَبِّئُكُم بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

And say: "Work (righteousness): Soon will Allah observe your work, and His Messenger, and the Believers: Soon will ye be brought back to the knower of what is hidden and what is open: then will He show you the truth of all that ye did."
[HQ At-taubah 9:105]

+The Importance of eradicating bad deeds before overdoing an ibadah during Ramadhan

Heart disease such as arrogance, stinginess, riya', u'jub will only be empower by overdoing ibadah when it coexist. Remove all the bad deeds before doing further extended i'badah. It's also the main reason those who came to them ramadhan did not bring any changes in life.

Hope its beneficial.

5 comment:

B. Arafia says:
at: August 21, 2010 at 8:40 AM said...

Salam bratherrrrrr! nice entry ayubababa! Salam Eid Mubarak :D hope all is well with you!

a.j. says:
at: August 21, 2010 at 9:08 AM said...

Wa'alaikumsalam wara7amatullah wa brakatuh.

Syukran sister. Im good. hows your ramdhan XD?

at: August 21, 2010 at 10:43 AM said...

hehe sorry I was slightly hyper when I wrote you that!

Alhamdulilah Ramadhan has beed good to me :) with a few minor hiccups here there but only to make me stronger and closer to Allah SWT. your's?

a.j. says:
at: August 22, 2010 at 11:21 PM said...

=) dun worry, u are always happy go lucky.

alhamdulillah. good to know. keep up ya!

mine is great with hiccups too. But i find Allah's pardon more majestic.

Thank You Allah

TheHumbleWayfarer says:
at: August 23, 2010 at 12:07 PM said...

Defintely Benefical my dear !

I've learnt sth for mu'qabah.

"We are nearer to him than (his) jugular vein."